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Part 4


Early Tactile Learning

By Jeri Cleveland and Debra Sewell

The authors discuss the importance of fine and gross motor development for children with visual impairments. The importance of learning based on hands-on experiences is also discussed.

Some Things to Learn from Learning Through Touch

By Kate Moss Hurst

This article shares information about the book, Learning Through Touch, by Mike McLinden and Stephen McCall. Special attention is paid to the anatomy and physiology of touch and the functions of touch.

The Importance of Touch in Parent-Infant Bonding

By Gigi Newton

Evelyn Guyer, a certified infant massage therapist, trained individuals in the use of Bonding And Relaxation Therapy (BART) and received a grant to train parents and others to use these techniques with deafblind children. Gigi Newton wrote this article about some of the work being done by Evelyn and others that was published in the July 1992 edition of P.S. News.

Other Resources

Reflections on Deafblindness: Hands and Touch 

Presented by Barbara Miles for Perkins School
In this webcast, Barbara Miles, a well-known author and lecturer, discusses the unique function hands serve for individuals who are deafblind. For people with vision and hearing impairments, hands become eyes, ears, and a voice. Barbara’s realization that hands have so many critical roles changed the way she interacts with the hands of children who are deafblind.

Conversations: Connecting and Learning With Persons Who Are Deafblind

Presented by Barbara Miles

Barbara Miles, a well-known author and lecturer, discusses the methodology of conversations in connecting and learning with students who are deafblind. Miles encourages people to duplicate the successful elements of their interactions with others and make them accessible to those with limited vision and hearing. She also suggests other strategies for making a conversational connection with those who cannot see or hear. 

Integrating Print and Braille: A Recipe for Literacy, Chapter 3: Enhancing Vision Through Touch

Editor: Sharon Maneki

A collection of articles that discuss how touch can support the use of residual or low vision in learning.

Return to Introduction: Touch and the Development of the Tactile Sense

Return to Part 1: Importance of Touch and Tactile Skills

Return to Part 2: Awareness of Existing Tactile Skills

Return to Part 3: Interacting with Others Tactilely/Tactile Communication